Abstract: The article makes the first attempt to compile an ancestral calendar of Cherkasovs (Keretskys). There were used as materials the archival documents from the central and regional archives of the Russian Federation. Among the central ones, it should be noted the Russian State Archives of Ancient Documents (Moscow, Russian Federation), and among the regional ones – the State Archives of the Arkhangelsk Region (Arkhangelsk, Russian Federation) and the National Archives of the Republic of Karelia (Petrozavodsk, Russian Federation).
In methodological terms, the method of content analysis was widely used, which made it possible to isolate the necessary information from the array of archival data. Thanks to this, the male representatives who were born were identified, as well as the first female representatives mentioned, whose exact date of birth was known.
In conclusion, the author states that when creating the ancestral calendar, three groups of memorial dates were identified: 1) anniversary years (a special date that applies to the whole year and is timed to the year of birth of one of the earliest representatives of the genus); 2) memorial days (dates timed to tragic events. For example, political repression); 3) annual dates (dates with a known day of the event).
Abstract: Currently, with the development of the Internet, many forums and groups have arisen, on which photographs from personal archives appear. As a rule, these are simple pictures taken by amateurs, and therefore the owners treat them as unworthy of attention. But often, these previously unknown photographic materials can become a starting point for rewriting existing concepts and reconstructions. The object of this study was a photographic material about water transport from the site "Uryupinsk – the capital of the Russian province", closed in 2020. It is shown that these materials are a valuable historical source that significantly supplements the information of the site "Water Transport", partially correcting it.
Abstract: The paper examines the experience of conducting pedagogical courses in the Caucasus at the beginning of the XX century. The attention is paid to the process of organizing pedagogical courses, the composition of participants, including professional and gender. The annual reports on the state of educational institutions of the Caucasian Educational District for 1909−1910 are used as sources. The statistical method is of great importance in the work, which made it possible to make a sample according to the gender composition of students, as well as their territorial distribution between the North Caucasus and Transcaucasia.
The author concludes that pedagogical courses for the territory of the Caucasus, including for primary school teachers, began only at the beginning of the XX century. Such courses, due to the insufficient funding from the state, were held at the expense of donations from the Cossack regions (Kuban and Tersk). Actually, the first attempts to conduct pedagogical courses began in these Cossack regions of the North Caucasus, and only since 1910 such courses began to be held in Transcaucasia.
The purpose of the pedagogical courses was to increase the qualifications of teachers in the territory of the Caucasian Educational District in a variety of disciplines from general education to professional. The interest in such professional courses was quite considerable, as a result, in the summer of 1910, more than 11 % of all Caucasian teachers attended pedagogical courses.